The land of Varanasi has been the famous pilgrimage spot for Hindus for ages. The holy city is situated on the banks of the river Ganges in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The Ganges in Varanasi is believed to have the power to wash away the sins of mortals. Often referred to as Benares, Varanasi is the oldest living city in the world. It is said to be the abode of Lord Shiva and Parvati.
Another name Kashi which is yet another different name for Varanasi is mentioned in the Rig-Veda. It is often also referred to as “city of temples and learning”. Buddha preached his first sermon after enlightenment at Sarnath, just 10 km away from Varanasi.
This city is believed to be the birthplace of Parsvanath, the twenty-third Tirthankara, therefore, it is a famous pilgrimage center for the Jains. Various Jain Tirthankars (religious prophets and Jainism Founders) have been known to be born in Varanasi and they even achieved their enlightenment here. To make Your Varanasi tourism worth happiness, knowledgeful, extravagant; it is required to understand the essence and roots of the city as a whole. Knowledge, philosophy, culture, devotion to Gods, Indian arts and crafts have all flourished here for centuries. Vaishnavism and Shaivism have co-existed in Varanasi harmoniously. Apart from Hindu religious sects, Jainism and Buddhism are also a part of the different religions and cultures being followed here. With a number of temples,
Mrs. Annie Besant chose Varanasi as the home for her ‘Theosophical Society’ which was a social-cultural organization formed by her in the starting of the 19th century for social and mass reforms of Indian people during the British Raj. Being a prosperous city, the place was mercilessly invaded by many Muslim rulers, therefore, the Muslim influence is also present here. However, the various cultural influences did not happen to be bringing any specific change to the roots and majority religious culture of the city which is still based on Hinduism.
The Holiest River Ganges.
80+ Wonderful Ghats
Famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Large historical Buddhist monument.
Sarnath is the place where Buddha chose to deliver his first sermon.
It is a temple dedicated to Bharat Mata or Mother India.